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Adena & Hopewell Cultures: Artifact Analysis

Grade Level:  4

Estimated Duration of Lesson:  1-2 days

Standards & Indicators:
Study Skills and Methods #3:  Use primary and secondary sources to answer questions about Ohio History.
People In Societies #1:  Describe the cultural practice and products of various groups who have settled in Ohio over time: a. the Paleo Indians, Archaic Indians, Woodland Indians (Adena & Hopewell), and Late Prehistoric Indians (Fort Ancient)
Primary Sources Used: The following artifacts were used for this lesson:  


These artifacts can be purchased from the Ohio Historical Society Store. The pictures can also be downloaded from the links above.
Lesson Summary:  The students will have the opportunity to analyze and interpret these artifacts using an Artifact Analysis Worksheet
Instructional Steps to Implement the Lesson:

Class Starter:  Review primary sources and the importance of these sources in helping us understand the past.     
Guided Lesson:  
Introduce each artifact individually.  
Provide each group an artifact to analyze and interpret using an artifact analysis worksheet.  
Groups will share their artifact and findings with the entire class.
Closing:  Exit Slip
Students will respond to the question: Which artifact did they find most interesting and why.

Post-Assessment and Scoring Guideline:
The artifact analysis worksheet and the exit slip can be used as a form of post-assessment.  Plus, teacher observations as students are sharing their ideas in small groups.  The scoring guideline would be based on the teacher’s expectations for this particular lesson.

Materials Needed by Teacher:
      ~method for grouping students by 3 or 4’s

Materials Needed by Students: 
      ~1 artifact per group
Extended Learning:
Students could further research the artifact(s) or similar artifacts based on their interest of the particular culture represented by the artifact(s).
Created by Nancy Dravenstott

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