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Slave Ships

Core Theme:  Peopling the New World – African American History

Grade Level:  7/8

Estimated Duration of Lesson:  2 class periods (50 minutes)

Standards & Indicators:
     Study Skills and Methods #2:  Use primary and secondary sources to answer questions.

Primary Source Used: 
    Thomas Clarkson (1808) The History of the Rise, Progress & Accomplishment of the Abolition of the African slave-trade by the British Parliament. OHS Archives/Library. Collection Number: V 326.1 C 561 h 1808 v. 2; Image Number: TAH0855.

Lesson Summary:
     After analyzing the Brookes Engraving and Text, students will discuss the point of view of the resources using a compare and contrast diagram.
Instructional Steps to Implement the Lesson:
Students will work with a partner to analyze the Brookes engraving or the Brookes text using a set of spiral questions.  After analyzing the resource in pairs, the students will share and discuss their responses as a whole class.  As a class, the students will compile their responses from the spiral questions in a t-chart, which can be done on a Smartboard.  Following the whole group discussion, students will return to work with their partner to complete the compare and contrast diagram to take a closer look at the point of view from which the resources were created.  After completing the organizer, each student will respond to the following prompt:           
Which resource, the engraving or text, do you feel does a better job at
reflecting the point of view and beliefs of the creator?  Why?

Points to Develop:
 - easier to understand overcrowding on the slave ship through the
  - engraving might not make sense if not put in context of the slave trade
           - the numbers given in the text help explain the overcrowding
       - difficult to visualize the overcrowding when only reading the text
 - resources work best together
 - the creator of both sources did not approve of the conditions on the ship
 - the creator of both sources was trying to educate other people about the
             conditions on the slave ships

Post-Assessment and Scoring Guideline:
      Students will write a paragraph response to the prompt.  Each paragraph response will be evaluated for content as well as complete sentences.  The response will be worth 10 points total. 

Materials Needed by Teacher:
     1)  Brookes Engraving and Text in Smartnotebook file
     2)  t-chart in Smartnotebook file
     3)  writing prompt in Smartnotebook file

Materials Needed by Students: 
      1)  copy of Brookes Engraving and Text
      2)  spiral questions
      2)  compare and contrast diagram

Created by Kirstie Mahas


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