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King George III and George Washington: A Comparison of Power and Leadership

 

“He is the best and the greatest man the world ever knew…..Neither depressed by disappoints and difficulties, nor elated with a temporary success. He retreats like a General and attacks like a Hero.” --Thomas Hopkinson

 Grade Level: 4-5

Estimated Duration: 2+ (45 minutes)

 Objectives:

* Students will determine and analyze characteristics of both King George III and George Washington.

* Students will learn about these two men and the roles they played in the American Revolution.

* Students will analyze and interpret primary source documents and begin to understand the relationships among events, places, and people.

 Summary Overview Abstract:  In this lesson, students will compare and contrast historical images of George Washington and King George III and analyze the artists’ perspectives.  Through the class activities, the students will extrapolate key components of each leader’s role as they make inferences related to their image and why the artist may have depicted each leader in the way they did.

 Ohio Academic Content Standards:

4th--Topic: Historical Thinking and Skills

History Strand: Content Statement: Primary and secondary sources can be used to create historical narratives

 5th—Topic: Historical Thinking and Skills

History Strand: Content Statement: Multiple-tier timelines can be used to show relationships among events and places.

 History Strand: Content Statement: European exploration and colonization had lasting effects which can be used to understand the Western Hemisphere today.

 Images & Information

Ohio History Central

US History Images

Presidents of the United States Pictures

British Battles

 Materials Needed:

* Primary source analysis sheet for each student

* Images

* Smartboard for projection/Internet

* Pencils

* Guiding Questions posted at all times

* Background sheet of information

 Vocabulary:

* Patriot

* Loyalist (Tories)

* Neutral colonist

* British

* Independence

 Guiding Questions:

Who was George Washington as a leader and what qualities did he hold?

What has George Washington come to symbolize?

What leadership role did King George III hold and what influence did he have on the colonists?

 Instructional Procedures: Day 1

Whole Group Activity:

1. Provide students with the background knowledge sheet first.

2. Discuss each of the pieces of this sheet to activate prior knowledge for today’s activity.

Small Group Activity: Part I

 1. Hand an envelope to each group of students. Contained within each envelope is a picture of King George III and one of George Washington. Each picture has been cut into four quadrants and mixed up between the two pictures.

 2. The groups will put the images together like a puzzle. Once the group has completed the puzzle of the two leaders, the students will each need to complete an Image Analysis Worksheet about the two leaders.

3. The students will glue the images together 

4. Jigsaw activity: Have students share in pairs their opinions before having them regroup for whole class discussion. Compare and contrast the two pictures of the leaders.

a. Then, hold a class discussion asking the students who these two men are and discuss the findings and questions from the analysis sheet. Discuss the following:

 b. What can you infer about each man through the way he is depicted in his portrait (note particularly where each man is looking and standing?

c. What are the objects in the foreground/background and how do they add to the story the artist is telling about each man?

d. What artistic devices are used in each portrait (color, use of light and shadows, composition, etc.) and how do these devices add to the story the artist is telling about each man?

e. What inferences can you make about the type of government and its leadership of each man?

f. In what ways do we currently see Washington used in TV, bank, car dealership advertisements or printed on objects? How do these add to the description of Washington?

 
Instructional Procedures: Day 2

Small Group Activity: Part II: T-Chart

1. Next, hang up two pieces of chart paper in the room. On one piece, write George Washington’s name and on the second piece, write King George III. Include an image of each leader on each sheet of paper. (Students will have the images which they just pieced together in their group area.)

2. Down the sides of each piece of chart paper, write the following categories, giving plenty of space in between topics for students to record information. (Some of this information will be obtained through prior knowledge and classroom readings, not just from the image analysis.)

a. Personal qualities

b. Leadership skills

c. Physical attributes

d. Contributions to history

3. The teacher will give only the following information to confirm the student findings from the photo analysis activity.  Students should compare and contrast this information with their observations on the photo analysis worksheet.

a. George Washington, February 22, 1732-December 14, 1799.  He was a commander in chief of the Continental Army and became the president of the United States.

b. King George III, June 4, 1738-January 29, 1820. He was the king of England and the rest of the British Empire, including the American Colonies.

 

Assessment: Advertisement

Students will create “want-ads” for these two leaders, incorporating the characteristics or qualities of each within the advertisement.  Here is the Scoring Rubric.

 

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