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WWII Rationing on the Homefront

by Carmen Derrick

Grade Level:

6

Subject:

Social Studies

Objectives:

The students will be able to think critically about the use of limited materials during times of conflict, more specifically during times that call for preservation of resources. For the purposes of this discussion, this refers to WWII rationing on the home front.

Speaking and Listening Standard 2:

Interpret information presented in diverse media and formats (e.g. visually, quantitatively, orally) and explain how it contributes to a topic, text or issue under study.

Timeframe:

60 Minutes


Prerequisite Knowledge/Skill:

Introduction to WWII

Instructional Strategies:

  • Review of World War II progression culminating with an emphasis on resource management and deficits.
  • Explain the differences in materials used for clothing and discuss materials needed for the war effort.

Learning Activities:

  • Use Disney and Seuss cartoons to show how resource management affected American society.
  • Work individually with teacher assistance on drafts for “Resource Management Editorial Cartoons”.

Materials:

  • Textbook
  • Computer and projector (smart board)
  • Printer
  • Paper/Pens/Pencils

Assessment:

Have students create their own editorial cartoon for conservation of resources.


Lesson Timeline:

10 minutes----Teacher reviews material from the previous class using projected highlights.

2 minutes----Teacher states objectives for the lesson and writes them on the board.

5 minutes----Teacher introduces the topic using a 3-minute short film titled “Out of the Frying Pan, Into the Firing Line”. In 1942 Walt Disney made this short film for the U.S. War Production Board (a now-defunct agency of the federal government during WWII). It stresses the importance of saving waste fats, which are made into explosives, for the war effort.
https://archive.org/details/OutOfTheFryingPanIntoTheFiringLine

15 minutes---- Discuss meaning and social impacts of conserving for the war effort. Use Dr. Seuss cartoon “Girdle Shortage” and Vogue Magazine cover as examples. http://library.ucsd.edu/dc/object/bb4540107b
http://shafferdrycleaning.com/wwii-rationing/

20 minutes---- Use OSU’s “Fashion 2 Fiber” website for creative examples of textile availability and use.
https://fashion2fiber.osu.edu/index.cfm?fuseaction=collections.seeCollec...
http://fashion2fiber.osu.edu/items/show/1794

7 minutes----Teacher reviews the lesson objectives and previews the next day’s lesson, assigning reading for homework.


"Out of the Frying Pan, Into the Firing Line"

https://archive.org/details/OutOfTheFryingPanIntoTheFiringLine
 
 

Girdle Shortage

http://library.ucsd.edu/dc/object/bb4540107b
 
 

Vogue Magazine cover

http://shafferdrycleaning.com/wwii-rationing/
 
 

1940s Nylon Wedding Dress

http://fashion2fiber.osu.edu/items/show/1825
 
 

1940s Silk Parachute Wedding Dress

https://fashion2fiber.osu.edu/index.cfm?fuseaction=collections.seeCollec...
 
 

1940s Silk Parachute Wedding Dress: Detail of German Label 1

https://fashion2fiber.osu.edu/index.cfm?fuseaction=collections.seeItemIn...
 
 

1940s Silk Parachute Wedding Dress: Detail of German Label 2

https://fashion2fiber.osu.edu/index.cfm?fuseaction=collections.seeItemIn...