The Civil Rights Movement: Cartoons as a Means of Protest
By Jennifer Richardson
Ohio Academic Content Standards: Grade 10- History: The U.S. in the 20th Century- 14abc
Grade 10- People in Societies: Interaction- 3
Grade 10- Government: Rules and Laws- 1ab
Grade 10- Citizenship Rights/Responsibilities:Participation-2b
Duration of Lesson: 1 period (50 minutes)
*Extension Activity- 2 periods extra (100 minutes)
Learning Objectives: Students will be able to analyze editorial cartoons and extract their meanings.
Students will be able to identify the correlation between actual events and
the editorial cartoons they inspired.
Students will be able to evaluate the use of editorial cartoons as a means of
protest during the Civil Rights era.
Summary: Students will be utilizing primary sources in the form of editorial cartoons and
photographs from the Civil Rights Movement in order to understand the events of the time period.
They will also be asked to evaluate these editorial cartoons as a means of calling attention to these
Pre-assessment: Students will complete a KWL (attachment A) over the Civil Rights Movement
and will participate in a classroom discussion about the movement and some of the events that
occurred during this time period.
Instructional steps: 1. Students will be assigned groups of 2-4 (10 groups total).
2. Small student groups will then be given cartoon analysis worksheets (see
attachment B) as well as one editorial cartoon from the time period being studied. (Editorial
cartoon selections are listed below.)
3. Students will be asked to analyze their editorial cartoon by filling out the
analysis worksheet and then will present their findings to the class.
4. Once each group has presented they will be given a stack of primary
source photographs depicting different events that happened during the Civil Rights movement.
(Primary source photographs are listed below). Student groups will be asked to match their
editorial cartoon with the event they feel it portrays best and explain why they believe this to be true by completing the Photo Comparison worksheet (see attachment C)
5. If time, students can present their findings to the class once more.
Post-assessment: Student completion of cartoon analysis worksheet and photograph comparison
Materials for teachers: Digital copy through which to display the cartoons to the class/Projector
Materials for students: Writing utensil, worksheets, editorial cartoons and photographs
Extension Activities: Students can, on their own, research the Civil Rights Movement and the
events which occurred. They can then choose one event that we did not discuss in class and
summarize it. After they complete the summary, they can then design their own political cartoon
representing this event.