The Red Scare
Ohio Content Standards: Grade 10, History 9-A
Duration of Lesson: 1-2 Class Periods
- Students will Understand issues of Nativism and Protectionism in
early 20th Century America.
- Students will analyze the roots of anti-immigrant movements in
the Post-World War One United States.
- Students will understand the differences between capitalism and
Summary: Using political cartoons students will
become familiar with the issues of nativism and protectionism, specifically in
regard to the era of the Red Scare.
- Printout of lesson plan
- Copies of cartoons on paper and/or transparency.
- Overhead projector
- Copies of Cartoon Analysis Worksheet
Terms to Know:
- Melting Pot
- Divide the students into three
topical groups. Assign each group one of the following topics: Stereotype,
Symbol, or Caricature.
- Distribute copies of the
cartoons to each member of the topical group so all cartoons are in use for
each group. (example: Stereotype group will have all cartoons, as will Symbol,
- Distribute Cartoon Analysis
Worksheet to each student.
- Students are to find examples
of their assigned topic using each of the cartoons present in their group and
fill in the appropriate space on the worksheet in Part I. (5-10 minutes)
- Students are to then arrange
themselves in a group according to their individual cartoon, thus forming 6-8
new groups centered on one specific cartoon.
- Students are to complete
Worksheet Part II using information from other members of their group.(5-10
- Individual groups will briefly
present analysis of their cartoon to the class (Note: an overhead copy of the
cartoon will expedite this process)
Post-Assessment Activity: As a class, students will
answer and discuss the remaining questions (Part III) on Cartoon Analysis
- Each student will create a T-chart in which the student
compares and contrasts immigration policies of the United States as they have developed from early America (1760) to the present. The charts should
include open shores, quota systems, illegal immigration, and national
- Have students write an essay analyzing the quote from the
Statue of Liberty in relation to the Red Scare and the immigration policy
of the United States.