Created by Nancy Dravenstott
Adena Human Effigy Pipe. The Adena Pipe is carved out of Ohio pipestone into the likeness of an ancient American Indian man, and was discovered by William C. Mills in 1901 during an excavation of the Adena Mound in Chillicothe, Ohio.
Estimated Duration of Lesson:
Standards & Indicators:
- Study Skills and Methods #3: Use primary and secondary sources to answer questions about Ohio History.
- People In Societies #1: Describe the cultural practice and products of various groups who have settled in Ohio over time: a. the Paleo Indians, Archaic Indians, Woodland Indians (Adena & Hopewell), and Late Prehistoric Indians (Fort Ancient)
Primary Sources Used:
- Adena Pipe
- Wray Figurine
- Hopewell Duck Pot
- Hopewell Duck Pipe
- Hawk Pipe
- Seip Head Pipe
- Wilmington Tablet
Instructional Steps to Implement the Lesson:
- Introduce each artifact individually.
- Provide each group an artifact to analyze and interpret using an artifact analysis worksheet.
- Groups will share their artifact and findings with the entire class.
Post-Assessment and Scoring Guideline:
Materials Needed by Teacher:
- method for grouping students by 3 or 4’s
Materials Needed by Students:
- 1 artifact per group
- artifact analysis worksheet