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November 16, 1912
The 1912 Presidential election was a three-way contest:
- William Howard Taft, the incumbent president, represented the Republican Party, symbolized by the Elephant.
- Woodrow Wilson, the reform governor of New Jersey and former president of Princeton University, was the Democratic candidate, symbolized by the Donkey.
- Theodore Roosevelt, the former Republican president (1901-1909), ran on the Progressive Party ticket, symbolized by the Bull Moose.
Woodrow Wilson won the election, but he did so with fewer popular votes than the losing 1896 Democratic candidate William Jennings Bryan, Many Republicans argued at the time that Roosevelt's Bull Moose campaign divided the Republican vote and gave the election to Wilson.