(Download full-sized image here.)
J.N. (Ding) Darling
New York Tribune, reprinted in Cartoons Vol. 15, No. 4
Following the end of World War I, in 1919 and over the next few years, the United States experienced an economic recession and a large number of labor strikes. Meanwhile, the 1917 Russian Revolution had brought the anti-capitalist Bolsheviks, or Communists, to power. The result was a “red scare” in which many Americans feared that radical immigrants and home-grown revolutionaries threatened the U.S. government and capitalist economy. As a result of the red scare, some immigrants were deported and the 1921 immigration law limited the number of foreign born who could come to the United States.