9th grade students with special needs-adaptable for general classes
2 class periods of instruction, 2-3 class periods of student research and writing
History: 20th Century Conflict: Analyze the causes and effects of WWI with emphasis on Nationalism.
- Intimate Voices from the First World War, ed. by Svetlana Palmer and Sarah Wallis, 2003. Pages 3-11 (including pictures on page 5 and 11), memoir of Vaso Cubrilovic.
- Sources from "The First World War.com: A Multimedia History of World War I"
- Video of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie arriving at Sarajevo Town Hall and their funeral.
- Memoir of Count Franz von Harrach
- Picture of Gavrilo Princip
This lesson will give students the details of Archduke Franz Ferdinand’s death and what an important role Nationalism played in this cause of WWI.
- Prior to the lesson, discuss Nationalism with the students and make sure they have an understanding of the strong feelings associated with it. I like to use Michigan/OSU or local school rivalries to try and get students to understand this concept.
- Give students a short background of the problems between Serbia, Austria-Hungary, and Bosnia. Have students take a few notes over this in order to keep things straight.
- Show students pictures of Gavril Princip (see below), Vaso Cubrilovic (pg. 5) and Franz Ferdinand and Sophie (pg. 11). Get their reactions to what they see in these pictures? What kind of people do they think they are?
- Show video of Franz Ferdinand and Sophie arriving at town hall. This film was taken on the day they died.
- Read the memoir of conspirator Vaso Cubrilovic, pages 3-11, in Intimate Voices as a class. (Some will probably want to read this aloud to their students, since their reading levels may stand in the way of them fully understanding the document on their own.)
- Point out instances of nationalism and how Cubrilovic discusses it.
- When completed reading, have students fill-out the Document Analysis Worksheet from the U.S. National Archives (change #6D from “United States” to World)
- Discuss the worksheet with the class: participation and completion grade.
- Read students the Memoir of Count Franz von Harrach, then show the video of bodies arriving at the funeral. Get the students reaction to these and what they find interesting about them.
- Show students map of Franz Ferdinand’s route and where the assassins were located. Ask the question what if? Was WWI inevitable and something else would have sparked it?
Assessment and Rubric:
Students will use the knowledge gained from this lesson to create a newspaper article about the assissination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand and his wife Sophie. See Assassination Newspaper Article handout.
Materials needed by teacher:
- Intimate Voices
- Computer with projector
Materials needed by students:
- access to computer
- something to write with
- art supplies
Created by Molly Belcik, Mansfield Senior High School, Ohio